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O-/N-/S-Specificity in Glycosyltransferase Catalysis: From Mechanistic Understanding to Engineering

Área de investigaciónBiomedicina y Ciencias de la Vida
TítuloO-/N-/S-Specificity in Glycosyltransferase Catalysis: From Mechanistic Understanding to Engineering
Tipo de publicaciónArtículo de revista
Año de publicación2021
AutoresTeze, D, Coines, J, Fredslund, F, Dubey, KD, Bidart, GN, Adams, PD, Dueber, JE, Svensson, B, Rovira, C, Welner, DH
Type of ArticleArticle
Keywordscarbohydrates, enzymes, glycosyltransferases, N-glycosylation, O-glycosylation, quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics}, S-glycosylation

Glycosyltransferases (GTs) catalyze the formation of glycosidic bonds in carbohydrates and glycoconjugates, with various outcomes depending not only on the acceptor molecules they bind but also on the type of glycosidic bond they form (C-O, C-N, C-S, or C-C). Here we show that the glucosyltransferase UGT1 from the indigo plant Polygonum tinctorium catalyzes either N-, O-, or S-glycosylation with similar rates. We solve the structure of the enzyme in complex with its donor and acceptor substrates and elucidate the molecular basis of N-, O-, and S-specificities using experimental mutagenesis and QM/MM simulations, revealing distinct mechanisms for N-, O-, and S-glycosylation. We also show that the active site can be engineered to increase or favor one of the three glycosylation activities over another. These results will foster the design of more active and specific enzyme variants for production of glycosides.