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On the mass assembly history of the Local Group

Área de investigaciónAstronomía, Espacio y Ciencias de la Tierra
TítuloOn the mass assembly history of the Local Group
Tipo de publicaciónArtículo de revista
Año de publicación2020
AutoresCarlesi, E., Y. Hoffman, S. Gottloeber,, A. Knebe, G. Yepes, y
Type of ArticleArticle
Keywordsdark matter, galaxies: evolution, Local Group

In this work, an ensemble of simulated Local Group (LG) analogues is used to constrain the properties of the mass assembly history of the Milky Way (MW) and Andromeda (M31) galaxies. These objects have been obtained using the constrained simulation technique, which ensures that simulated LGs live within a large-scale environment akin to the observed one. Our results are compared against a standard Lambda Cold Dark Matter (Lambda CDM) series of simulations that use the same cosmological parameters. This allows us to single out the effects of the constraints on the results. We find that (i) the median constrained merging histories for M31 and MW live above the standard ones at the 1 sigma level, (ii) the median formation time takes place approximate to 0.5Gyr earlier than unconstrained values, while the latest major merger happens on average 1.5 Gyr earlier, and (iii) the probability for both LG haloes to have experienced their last major merger in the first half of the history of the Universe is approximate to 50 per cent higher for the constrained pairs. These results have been estimated to be significant at the 99 per cent confidence level by means of a Kolmogorov-Simirnov test. These results suggest that the particular environment in which the MW and M31 form plays a role in shaping their properties, and favours earlier formation and last major merger time values in agreement with other observational and theoretical considerations.